. .There were nine Greek muses. At one time they were goddesses of inspiring springs (such a perfect image), but then they became specialized.

  • Calliope (holding a wax tablet), muse of epic song.
  • Clio (with a scroll—shown above), muse of history.
  • Euterpe (with a double flute), muse of lyric song.
  • Melpomene (with a tragic mask and ivy wreath), muse of tragedy.
  • Terpsichore (with a lyre), muse of dance.
  • Erato (with a small lyre), muse of erotic poetry.
  • Polyhymnia (veiled and pensive), muse of sacred song.
  • Urania (holding a celestial globe), muse of astronomy.
  • Thalia (with a comic mask, ivy wreath and shepherd’s staff), muse of comedy and bucolic poetry.


(I’m rather surprised to see a muse of astronomy, frankly, in such ancient times.)

I’ve illustrated Clio, the muse of history, for obvious reasons—but what does she actually inspire?